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.TH "EGENCACHE" "1" "Dec 2015" "Portage VERSION" "Portage"
.SH "NAME"
egencache \- generate metadata cache for ebuild repositories
.SH "SYNOPSIS"
.B egencache
.I [options] --update [ATOM]\fR...
.SH "DESCRIPTION"
The egencache program generates metadata cache for ebuild repositories and
stores it in the \fImetadata/md5\-cache/\fR directory within the repository
itself, for distribution.
.SH ACTIONS
.TP
.BR "\-\-update [ATOM] ... "
Update the \fImetadata/md5\-cache/\fR directory (generate metadata as
necessary).
If no package atoms are specified then all will be updated. See \fBebuild\fR(5)
for the details on package atom syntax.
.TP
.BR "\-\-update\-changelogs"
Update the ChangeLog files from SCM logs (supported only in git repos).
.TP
.BR "\-\-update\-pkg\-desc\-index"
Update the package description index which is located at
\fImetadata/pkg_desc_index\fR in the repository.
.TP
.BR "\-\-update\-use\-local\-desc"
Update the \fIprofiles/use.local.desc\fR file from metadata.xml.
.TP
.BR "\-\-update\-manifests"
Update manifest files, and sign them if signing is enabled. This supports
parallelization if enabled via the \-\-jobs option. The \-\-thin\-manifests
and \-\-sign\-manifests options may be used to manually override layout.conf
settings.
.SH OPTIONS
.TP
.BR "\-\-cache\-dir=CACHE_DIR"
Location of the intermediate metadata cache which is stored in a different
format that includes eclass state. See the \fBBUGS\fR section for
information about why this is necessary.
.br
Defaults to /var/cache/edb/dep.
.TP
.BR "\-\-changelog\-output=FILENAME"
Specifies the file name used to store autogenerated ChangeLogs inside
the package directories.
.br
Defaults to ChangeLog.
.TP
.BR "\-\-changelog\-reversed"
Reverses the commit order in ChangeLogs. The oldest commits are output
first, the newest last.
.TP
.BR "\-\-config\-root=PORTAGE_CONFIGROOT"
Location of portage config files.
.br
Defaults to /.
.TP
.BR "\-\-gpg\-dir"
Override the PORTAGE_GPG_DIR variable.
.TP
.BR "\-\-gpg\-key"
Override the PORTAGE_GPG_KEY variable.
.TP
.BR "\-\-ignore-default-opts"
Causes \fIEGENCACHE_DEFAULT_OPTS\fR to be ignored.
.TP
.BR "\-\-jobs=JOBS"
Specifies the maximum number of ebuild processes to spawn simultaneously.
Also see the related \fB\-\-load\-average\fR option.
.TP
.BR \-\-load\-average=LOAD
Specifies that maximum load allowed when spawning multiple jobs.
.TP
.BR "\-\-preserve\-comments"
Preserve the comments found in the output use.local.desc file. This requires
the output file to exist before egencache is called.
.TP
.BR "\-\-repo=REPO"
Name of the repo to operate on. The name should correspond the value of
a \fBrepo_name\fR entry (see \fBportage\fR(5)) from one of the repositories.
.TP
.BR "\-\-repositories\-configuration=REPOSITORIES_CONFIGURATION"
Override configuration of repositories. The argument of this option has
the same format as repos.conf (see \fBportage\fR(5)).
.TP
.BR "\-\-rsync"
When used together with the \fB\-\-update\fR action, this enables a workaround
for cases in which the content of a cache entry changes and neither the file
mtime nor size changes, preventing rsync from detecting changes. Such cases are
handled by bumping the mtime on the ebuild (and the corresponding cache entry).
This option should only be needed for distribution via something like
\fBrsync\fR(1), which relies on timestamps and file sizes to detect changes
(see \fBbug 139134\fR). It's not needed with \fBgit\fR(1) since that uses a
more thorough mechanism which allows it to detect changed inode numbers
(described in \fIracy-git.txt\fR in the git technical docs).
.TP
.BR "\-\-sign\-manifests < y | n >"
Manually override layout.conf sign-manifests setting.
.TP
.BR "\-\-strict\-manifests < y | n >"
Manually override "strict" FEATURES setting.
.TP
.BR "\-\-thin\-manifests < y | n >"
Manually override layout.conf thin-manifests setting.
.TP
.BR "\-\-tolerant"
Exit successfully if only minor errors occurred, such as skipped cache
updates due to ebuilds that either fail to source or are not sourced
due to invalid Manifest entries.
.TP
.BR "\-\-use\-local\-desc\-output=ULD_OUTPUT"
Output file for use.local.desc data (or '-' for stdout)
.TP
.BR \-\-verbose ", " \-v
Increase verbosity.
.TP
.BR "\-\-write\-timestamp
Write metadata/timestamp.chk as required for rsync repositories
.SH "ENVIRONMENT OPTIONS"
.TP
\fBEGENCACHE_DEFAULT_OPTS\fR
If this variable is set in \fBmake.conf\fR(5) then any options that it
contains will be added to the beginning of the command line on every
invocation. These options will not be added if the
\fB\-\-ignore-default\-opts\fR option is specified.
.SH "BUGS"
Prior to portage-2.1.11.32, the 'pms' cache format was enabled by default.
This 'pms' format, which is distributed in the \fImetadata/cache/\fR
directory of the repository, has significant limitations related to the
cache validation mechanism which involves comparison of
a cache entry mtime to the mtime of the corresponding \fBebuild\fR(5). This
mechanism is unreliable in cases when eclass changes result in metadata
changes, since no information about eclass state is available in the cache.
Also, since the mtime of the cache entry must correspond to that of the
ebuild, the cache format is only suitable for distribution via protocols
that preserve timestamps (such as \fBrsync\fR(1)). For cache that is
distributed via \fBgit\fR(1) repositories, there is currently a workaround
implemented in \fBemerge\fR(1) \fB\-\-sync\fR which updates ebuild mtimes
to match their corresponding cache entries (except for ebuilds that are
modified relative to HEAD).

In order to solve the above problems, the newer 'md5-dict' format has been
enabled by default since portage-2.1.11.32. This format is distributed in
the \fImetadata/md5-cache/\fR directory of the repository, and includes
additional validation data in the form of digests for both the ebuild
and its inherited eclasses. \fBWARNING:\fR Portage versions prior to
portage-2.1.11.14 will \fBNOT\fR recognize the 'md5-dict' format unless it is
explicitly listed in \fImetadata/layout.conf\fR (refer to \fBportage\fR(5)
for example usage).

\fBWARNING:\fR For backward compatibility, the obsolete 'pms' cache format
will still be generated by default if the \fImetadata/cache/\fR directory
exists in the repository. It can also be explicitly enabled via the
cache\-formats setting in \fImetadata/layout.conf\fR (refer to \fBportage\fR(5)
for example usage). If the 'pms' cache format is enabled and the 'md5-dict'
format is not enabled, then it is necessary to enable
\fBmetadata-transfer\fR in \fBFEATURES\fR (see \fBmake.conf\fR(5)).
This causes intermediate cache (in a different format that includes
eclass state) to be generated inside the directory which is configurable
via the \fB\-\-cache\-dir\fR option.
.SH "REPORTING BUGS"
Please report bugs via https://bugs.gentoo.org/
.SH "AUTHORS"
.nf
Zac Medico <zmedico@gentoo.org>
Arfrever Frehtes Taifersar Arahesis <arfrever@apache.org>
.fi
.SH "FILES"
.TP
.B /etc/portage/make.conf
Contains variables.
.SH "SEE ALSO"
.BR emerge (1),
.BR make.conf (5),
.BR portage (5)